A patient’s right to refuse a blood transfusion is protected under the United States Federal Self-Determination Act of 1991, whereby:
an adult patient is guaranteed the right to bodily self-determination (autonomy) and
written consent must be given for all procedures.
This is called an informed consent, which means that you must have all procedures explained in layman’s terms that you understand and comprehend. The risks, benefits and alternatives must be explained to you so that the choice you make is an educated one.
This law protects your choice to refuse what sometimes is life saving treatment once your physician explains the risks, benefits and alternatives.