Menstrual Health and Conditions

Menstrual Health and Conditions


Anatomy of the Breasts

Each breast has 15 to 20 sections (lobes), which are arranged like the petals of a daisy. Each lobe has many smaller lobules, which end in dozens of tiny bulbs that can produce milk.

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Anatomy of Female Pelvic Area

The female pelvic area contains a number of organs and structures: the endometrium, uterus, ovaries, cervix, vagina, and vulva.

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Recognizing Gynecologic Problems

Vaginal bleeding and discharge are a normal part of your menstrual cycle. If you notice anything different or unusual, talk with your health care provider.

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Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a much more severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). It may affect women who are able to get pregnant. It’s a severe and chronic medical condition that requires attention and treatment. Lifestyle changes and sometimes medications can help manage symptoms.

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Amenorrhea

Amenorrhea means you haven't had your period for more than 3 cycles. It can be caused by a variety of things including overexercising, being overweight, or due to an ovulation problem.

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Dysmenorrhea

Dysmenorrhea causes severe cramps and pain during a woman's period. It can start with your first period, or begin later in life. It can be related to an underlying conditions such as endometriosis.

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Menorrhagia

Menorrhagia is heavy or prolonged bleeding during your period. It can be caused by hormone problems or problems with the uterus. Medications or procedures to treat the uterus can help.

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Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a group of emotional and physical symptoms many women have in the days before their period starts. Lifestyle changes and sometimes medicines can help manage symptoms.

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Menstrual Cycle: An Overview

A woman is generally most fertile (able to become pregnant) a few days before, during, and after ovulation.

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